Case Analysis On Oresund Bridge Construction Essay
Oresund Bridge is made over the Oresund strait; it is the longest rail and road bridge in the whole of Europe.  It connects two metropolitan areas specifically Danish capital Copenhagen and Town of Malmo in Sweden. . The international European route E20 runs over the bridge and through the tunnel. This Bridge works as a connection between Main land Europe and the rest of the Scandinavia.
The main objective of this paper is to recognize the elements which influence estimating, repair, safety and construction approaches of the bridge and recommend improvements that will help in the further progress and acceptance of the bridge. Identify factors that negatively influence the Oresund Bridge. Create a method to support the users who travel through the longest highway and rail Bridge easily and level of comfort. Analyze the effects and propose a model solution to improve the performance. The primary elements which affect the engineering of the bridge are discussed in detail and some of the recommendations are also included. Creating a safety analysis of the safety effectiveness factors will help to prevent accidents by anticipating and mitigating hazards that happen frequently. The historical elements will be discussed about days gone by development by the engineers and architects plus some statistics are provided showing the development of the Bridge and how it afflicted the construction industry in previous, On the cost-effective front the methods which were used to reduce the price of the project and market estimation about the construction techniques are also discussed. The organizational aspect, which is considered to be more significant discusses about the partnership of bridge and the spots which it is connected to and the cityscape. Its patterns and contribution to the people and place, representativeness, conditions and policies to utilize the bridge will be carefully analyzed. The procedural factors will be discussed such as provision of safeness and equipment, and protection of the bridge.
The geographical area of Oresund region is quite favorable for transporting items between Scandinavia and Baltic countries, however earlier the main bottle throat in realizing here is the infrastructure. The Oresund Bridge furnished a solution because of this as the completion of the bridge in 2000 has better the Infrastructure. Actually the present day infrastructure is among the main positive aspects of the Oresund Place. The modern motorway and railway around both cities set a high standard which links Copenhagen and Malmo. Usage of Copenhagen airport terminal and Malmo airport terminal has better. The merger of Copenhagen port and Malmo has led to formation of a organization which is the greatest importing port of cars in Nordic region . All of the four transportation systems have been well planned in the Oresund Area in comparison with similar systems in Europe. When the fixed hyperlink across Fuhrman what is an expository essay belt is definitely completed around 2018 – 2020, it will connect 10 million people in Southern Scandinavia and Northern Germany for the reason that this new site visitors lanes will web page link the Oresund Region with Hamburg. This may create new opportunities in the foreseeable future for manipulating the synergies that come up from bringing together the two capitals. 
Considering the strengths of the Oresund Region which are network systems for marketing and analysis and creation across borders and institutional disadvantages. For six different systems Oresund region is a parasol business which reflects the region’s strength: Medicon Valley Academy, Oresund IT, Oresund Food Network, Oresund Environment Academy, Oresund Design, and Oresund Logistics. The Oresund University is yet another network where 12 universities and establishments of advanced schooling in the region interact to strengthen research and education in the Oresund Place. Between Scandinavia and Europe Network systems. The bridge in a worldwide context measured by scientific result, Copenhagen – Malmo – Lund ranks 5th in European countries. Measured by overall existence quality, the Oresund Region also scores highly – 8th after metropolitan areas in Southern Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Measured by population, the spot ranks 23rd.Measured in monetary terms, the region ranks 10th alongside metropolitan areas like Milan, Hamburg, Berlin, Madrid, Rome and Stuttgart. 
Several factors influenced the development of the project which include, environmental, monetary and political. For example by the end of the old battle, and the start of globalization has forced both countries to find ways of improving the economy of the spot, also the Sweden’s approach to become a part of the European Union has been the main driving factors.
Railway tracks and motorway from Fosie – Lernacken: 10 km of new double tracked railway (Oresundsbanan). The railway works parallel with the motorway in a 90m large corridor. The first stop on the route is normally Malmo Syd or Svagertorp.The motorway operates from Fosieby, where it links the outer ring road to the toll station at Lernacken. This section includes two major interchanges and several more compact overpasses. At Lernacken the Traffic Centre and the toll station for vehicles and are situated. The Traffic Center is responsible for operating the toll station, monitoring the motorway traffic and monitoring the technological systems. The toll station has got 11 lanes in each direction with a potential of 200 vehicles an hour/lane and 10 toll booths in each direction. 
The Oresund Bridge has a profound effect on the geographical, financial and lifestyle of the persons in this Scandinavian region. The completion of the project has enabled the economic development of the spot and also paved a route for Sweden to be a part of the EU. A new avenue for trade has been opened and also enabled the sectors in European main area to tap the wealthy human resources in this region. The task has provided the neighborhood population with employment and in addition helped the local industry such as material providers such as steel, concrete etc.It also better the tourism of the area which happens to be the main resources of economy. In the course of this paper we discussed the features of cable stayed method over suspension kind of bridges in shallow type drinking water. We also discussed the consequences on the environment and measures taken to preserve it. We as well gave details of the price incurred for the completion of the project and as a personal opinion a better preparation could have reduced the expenses further. This is supported by the info provided where the original estimates differed from genuine costs by large sums.
It is common knowledge that the traffic on the roads and bridges raises with time and experienced from the graph you will find a 17% increase in the traffic over Oresund Bridge in 1st 6weeks. This is pretty normal, and the rate might not exactly sustain, but even then there can be expected that there will be a considerable gre topics increase in the visitors in coming future, if not 17% at least 10%, in such circumstance the Oresund bridge using its two lanes for the found in either route will reach its capability in ten years time. This demands to search for ways to raise the lanes.
The carriageway will not reach to the advantage of the truss. It might be conceivable to cast a wider deck aspect with the probability of adding an extra lane in either way. This would bring the carriageway closer to the border of the bridge and put in a significant amount of lifeless load to the structure. Another option would be to hang new truss components off the medial side of the prevailing deck. This would appear to be a more complex procedure compared to the first one suggested, but could add more than one lane in either course. Most of these modifications would have results on the loading of the bridge and strengthening works is possibly required for both the wires and the piers.